Realistic Wind Farm Layout Optimization through Genetic Algorithms Using a Gaussian Wake Model

Wind Farm Layout Optimization (WFLO) can be useful to minimize power losses associated with turbine wakes in wind farms. This work presents a new evolutionary WFLO methodology integrated with a recently developed and successfully validated Gaussian wake model (Bastankhah and Porte-Agel model). Two different parametrizations of the evolutionary methodology are implemented, depending on if a baseline layout is considered or not. The proposed scheme is applied to two real wind farms, Horns Rev I (Denmark) and Princess Amalia (the Netherlands), and two different turbine models, V80-2MW and NREL-5MW. For comparison purposes, these four study cases are also optimized under the traditionally used top-hat wake model (Jensen model). A systematic overestimation of the wake losses by the Jensen model is confirmed herein. This allows it to attain bigger power output increases with respect to the baseline layouts (between 0.72% and 1.91%) compared to the solutions attained through the more realistic Gaussian model (0.24-0.95%). The proposed methodology is shown to outperform other recently developed layout optimization methods. Moreover, the electricity cable length needed to interconnect the turbines decreases up to 28.6% compared to the baseline layouts.

Published in:
Energies, 11, 12, 3268
Dec 01 2018

 Record created 2019-01-25, last modified 2019-12-05

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