Synergistic Crystal and Interface Engineering for Efficient and Stable Perovskite Photovoltaics

The presence of bulk and surface defects in perovskite light harvesting materials limits the overall efficiency of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The formation of such defects is suppressed by adding methylammonium chloride (MACl) as a crystallization aid to the precursor solution to realize high-quality, large-grain triple A-cation perovskite films and that are combined with judicious engineering of the perovskite interface with the electron and hole selective contact materials. A planar SnO2/TiO2 double layer oxide is introduced to ascertain fast electron extraction and the surface of the perovskite facing the hole conductor is treated with iodine dissolved in isopropanol to passivate surface trap states resulting in a retardation of radiationless carrier recombination. A maximum solar to electric power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 21.65% and open circuit photovoltage (V-oc) of approximate to 1.24 V with only approximate to 370 mV loss in potential with respect to the band gap are achieved, by applying these modifications. Additionally, the defect healing enhances the operational stability of the devices that retain 96%, 90%, and 85% of their initial PCE values after 500 h under continuously light illumination at 20, 50, and 65 degrees C, respectively, demonstrating one of the most stable planar PSCs reported so far.


Published in:
Advanced Energy Materials, 9, 1, 1802646
Year:
Jan 03 2019
Publisher:
Weinheim, WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
ISSN:
1614-6832
1614-6840
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2019-01-23, last modified 2019-06-19


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