Doping-Free Complementary Logic Gates Enabled by Two-Dimensional Polarity-Controllable Transistors

Atomically thin two-dimensional (2D) materials belonging to transition metal dichalcogenides, due to their physical and electrical properties, are an exceptional vector for the exploration of next-generation semiconductor devices. Among them, due to the possibility of ambipolar conduction, tungsten diselenide (WSe2) provides a platform for the efficient implementation of polarity-controllable transistors. These transistors use an additional gate, named polarity gate, that, due to the electrostatic doping of the Schottky junctions, provides a device-level dynamic control of their polarity, that is, n- or p-type. Here, we experimentally demonstrate a complete doping-free standard cell library realized on WSe2 without the use of either chemical or physical doping. We show a functionally complete family of complementary logic gates (INV, NAND, NOR, 2-input XOR, 3-input XOR, and MAJ) and, due to the reconfigurable capabilities of the single devices, achieve the realization of highly expressive logic gates, such as exclusive-OR (XOR) and majority (MAJ), with fewer transistors than possible in conventional complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor logic. Our work shows a path to enable doping-free low-power electronics on 2D semiconductors, going beyond the concept of unipolar physically doped devices, while suggesting a road to achieve higher computational densities in two-dimensional electronics.

Published in:
ACS Nano, 12, 7, 7039-7047
Jun 29 2018
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 Record created 2018-08-07, last modified 2018-12-03

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