000256388 001__ 256388
000256388 005__ 20190619220040.0
000256388 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2018.07.007
000256388 037__ $$aARTICLE
000256388 245__ $$aMonitoring a Francis Turbine Operating Conditions
000256388 260__ $$c2018-08-01
000256388 269__ $$a2018-08-01
000256388 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000256388 520__ $$aFrancis turbines are designed for a specific set of operating conditions that is particular to each hydropower plant site. It allows this type of turbine to extract as much hydraulic power as possible, as long as they are operating in the right conditions. For this reason, power plant operators must know in advance what are the best conditions for operating their generating units and, naturally, in which exact conditions these units are actually operating. Detailed information about the turbine behavior in any operating condition can be obtained by performing measurements in a reduced scale physical model of the turbine prototype. These tests provide what is known as the turbine hill chart: a two-dimensional graphical representation of the most relevant turbine properties showing, for instance, the power output, the discharge, the efficiency and the cavitation conditions. This paper presents a method to monitor the operating conditions of a Francis turbine by locating it on the hill chart. To do so, it requires the generation of polynomial bi-variate functions based on Hermite polynomials that can calculate the turbine discharge and efficiency from its guide vanes angle and power output. A test case is presented with a turbine prototype of 444 MW of rated power operating through a wide range of operating conditions. The validation is done by comparisons between the measured and estimated values of gross head, leading to similar values.
000256388 6531_ $$aFrancis turbine
000256388 6531_ $$aOperating conditions
000256388 6531_ $$aHermite polynomials
000256388 6531_ $$aMonitoring
000256388 700__ $$g183522$$aGomes Pereira Junior, Joao$$0249112
000256388 700__ $$g243348$$aAndolfatto, Loïc$$0247940
000256388 700__ $$0241012$$aAvellan, François$$g104417
000256388 773__ $$tFlow Measurement and Instrumentation Journal$$j63$$q37-46
000256388 8560_ $$fjoao.gomes@epfl.ch
000256388 8564_ $$uhttps://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/256388/files/Accepted%20Manuscript.pdf$$s2107801
000256388 909C0 $$xU10309$$pLMH$$mfrancois.avellan@epfl.ch$$0252135
000256388 909CO $$qGLOBAL_SET$$pSTI$$particle$$ooai:infoscience.epfl.ch:256388
000256388 960__ $$ajoao.gomes@epfl.ch
000256388 961__ $$anoemi.cobolet@epfl.ch
000256388 973__ $$aEPFL$$sPUBLISHED$$rREVIEWED
000256388 980__ $$aARTICLE
000256388 981__ $$aoverwrite