Fixed-Rank Approximation of a Positive-Semidefinite Matrix from Streaming Data

Several important applications, such as streaming PCA and semidefinite programming, involve a large-scale positive-semidefinite (psd) matrix that is presented as a sequence of linear updates. Because of storage limitations, it may only be possible to retain a sketch of the psd matrix. This paper develops a new algorithm for fixed-rank psd approximation from a sketch. The approach combines the Nystrom approximation with a novel mechanism for rank truncation. Theoretical analysis establishes that the proposed method can achieve any prescribed relative error in the Schatten 1-norm and that it exploits the spectral decay of the input matrix. Computer experiments show that the proposed method dominates alternative techniques for fixed-rank psd matrix approximation across a wide range of examples.

Presented at:
31st Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), Long Beach, California, USA, December 4-9, 2017
Dec 04 2017
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 Record created 2018-05-22, last modified 2020-04-20

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