Journal article

Phototransformation of Acesulfame K in surface waters: Comparison of two techniques for the measurement of the second-order rate constants of indirect photodegradation, and modelling of photoreaction kinetics

By use of photochemical modelling we show that acesulfame K (ACE) can undergo photodegradation in surface waters, mainly by reaction with (OH)-O-center dot and possibly (CDOM)-C-3* (the triplet states of chromophoric dissolved organic matter). With the possible exception of shallow water bodies containing low dissolved organic carbon, we predict ACE to be a refractory compound in environmental waters which agrees well with many literature reports. We used two methods to measure the photoreactivity parameters of ACE, of which one is based on the monitoring of the time evolution of ACE alone and the other is based on the monitoring of both ACE and a reference compound (hereafter, they are referred to as substrate-only and substrate + reference method, respectively). The substrate + reference method can be time-saving, but it is potentially prone to interferences. In this work, ibuprofen and atrazine were used as reference compounds of known behaviour to study the photoreactivity of ACE by competition kinetics in the substrate + reference method. The two methods gave overall comparable results, partially because two different reference compounds instead of only one were used in the substrate + reference method. By so doing, however, one loses part of the time -saving advantage of the substrate + reference method. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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