Infoscience

Conference paper

SIEVED MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD FOR ARRAY SIGNAL PROCESSING

Stochastic Maximum Likelihood (SML) is a popular direction of arrival (DOA) estimation technique in array signal processing. It is a parametric method that jointly estimates signal and instrument noise by maximum likelihood, achieving excellent statistical performance. Some drawbacks are the computational overhead as well as the limitation to a point-source data model with fewer sources than sensors. In this work, we propose a Sieved Maximum Likelihood (SiML) method. It uses a general functional data model, allowing an unrestricted number of arbitrarily-shaped sources to be recovered. To this end, we leverage functional analysis tools and express the data in terms of an infinite-dimensional sampling operator acting on a Gaussian random function. We show that SiML is computationally more efficient than traditional SML, resilient to noise, and results in much better accuracy than spectral-based methods.

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