A kinetic model of the lipid network in yeast

Lipids play a very important role in cell structure and function, as well as in the physiopathology of many diseases. Maintenance of the lipid profiles should be tightly regulated as it is very important for preserving membrane permeability, cell integrity and several other functions. Large-scale kinetic models of metabolic networks are essential in order to accurately capture and predict such behaviors of cellular systems when subject to perturbations. We have thus developed a detailed model of the lipid metabolism for the yeast S. cerevisiae, in order to identify how the stoichiometric and kinetic coupling determines lipid homeostasis and its regulation. The model encompasses 308 reactions and 212 unique metabolites, and includes the following subsystems: glycolysis, fatty acid biosynthesis and elongation, biosynthesis of phospholipids, sphingolipids, cardiolipin and sterols, triacylglycerides decomposition and the mevalonate pathway. We curated this model using thermodynamic data as well as lipidomic measurements and we used the Optimization and Risk Analysis of Complex Living Entities (ORACLE) framework to generate populations of parametrized kinetic models that are consistent with the given physiology, while satisfying the stoichiometric and thermodynamic constraints. We used these models to identify parameters (i.e. enzyme activities) that determine lipid distribution and homeostasis.

Presented at:
3rd International SystemsX.ch Conference on Systems Biology, Zurich, Switzerland, September 4-7, 2017

Note: The status of this file is: Involved Laboratories Only

 Record created 2017-10-03, last modified 2018-03-17

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