High Gain Dual-Band Beam-Steering Transmit Array for Satcom Terminals at Ka-Band

Transmit array design is more challenging for dualband operation than for single band, due to the independent 360 degrees phase wrapping jumps needed at each band when large electrical length compensation is involved. This happens when aiming at large gains, typically above 25 dBi with beam scanning and F/D <= 1. No such designs have been reported in the literature. A general method is presented here to reduce the complexity of dual-band transmit array design, valid for arbitrarily large phase error compensation and any band ratio, using a finite number of different unit cells. The procedure is demonstrated for two offset transmit array implementations operating in circular polarization at 20 GHz(Rx) and 30 GHz(Tx) for Ka-band satellite-on-the-move terminals with mechanical beam-steering. An appropriate set of 30 dual-band unit cells is developed with transmission coefficient greater than -0.9 dB. The full-size transmit array is characterized by full-wave simulation enabling elevation beam scanning over 0 degrees-50 degrees with gains reaching 26 dBi at 20 GHz and 29 dBi at 30 GHz. A smaller prototype was fabricated and measured, showing a measured gain of 24 dBi at 20 GHz and 27 dBi at 30 GHz. In both cases, the beam pointing direction is coincident over the two frequency bands, and thus confirming the proposed design procedure.

Published in:
IEEE Transactions On Antennas And Propagation, 65, 7, 3528-3539
Piscataway, Ieee-Inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc

 Record created 2017-09-05, last modified 2018-12-03

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