Journal article

Evaluating Cellular Drug Uptake with Fluorescent Sensor Proteins

We are introducing a new approach to evaluate cellular uptake of drugs and drug candidates into living cells. The approach is based on converting the protein target of a given class of compounds into a fluorescent biosensor. By measuring the binding of different compounds to their cognate biosensor in live cells and comparing these values to those measured in vitro, their cellular uptake and concentrations can be ranked. We demonstrate that our strategy enables the evaluation of the cellular uptake into the cytosol of 2 classes of inhibitors using two different sensor designs; first, sensors comprising the self-labeling protein SNAP conjugated with a chemically modified inhibitor shown for inhibitors of the enzyme human carbonic anhydrase II; and a label-free sensor for inhibitors of protein−protein interactions demonstrated for the protein pair p53−HDM2.


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