Conference paper

Hybrid modelling approach to study scour potential of Chancy-Pougny dam stilling basin

Chancy-Pougny is a run-of-river dam on the Swiss-French border constructed in the early 1920s. Since its inauguration, the operation of the four spillway gates was responsible for a progressive erosion of the stilling basin. Thus, a hybrid modelling was performed to study the scour potential and to determine adequate solutions to maintain future scour within acceptable levels. Visual observations on the physical model identified a strong recirculation in the non-symmetrical basin, that combined with the outflow from the spillway gate, lead to an enhanced specific discharge and to the formation of a turbulent vortex impacting the rocky foundation. Some measures to limit the recirculation, including a free-standing wall and various configurations of concrete prisms for scour protection, were tested on both the physical and numerical model. The pressure and water depth measurements resulting from the physical model were used within the numerical model to determine the corresponding scour potential for each of the tested mitigation measures. A solution containing a layer of randomly distributed concrete prisms laid on the basin’s current bottom was identified through this study, proving the importance of both numerical and physical approaches in hydraulic engineering

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