Molecular Strategies for Morphology Control in Semiconducting Polymers for Optoelectronics

Solution-processable semiconducting polymers have been explored over the last decades for their potential applications in inexpensively fabricated transistors, diodes and photovoltaic cells. However, a remaining challenge in the field is to control the solid-state self-assembly of polymer chains in thin films devices, as the aspects of (semi)crystallinity, grain boundaries, and chain entanglement can drastically affect intra-and intermolecular charge transport/transfer and thus device performance. In this short review we examine how the aspects of molecular weight and chain rigidity affect solid-state self-assembly and highlight molecular engineering strategies to tune thin film morphology. Side chain engineering, flexibly linking conjugation segments, and block co-polymer strategies are specifically discussed with respect to their effect on field effect charge carrier mobility in transistors and power conversion efficiency in solar cells. Example systems are taken from recent literature including work from our laboratories to illustrate the potential of molecular engineering semiconducting polymers.


Published in:
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 71, 6, 369-375
Year:
2017
Publisher:
Bern, Schweizerische Chemische Gesellschaft
ISSN:
0009-4293
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2017-07-03, last modified 2018-03-17


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