Kinetic considerations of two Sulfurospirillum spp. competing for tetrachloroethene

1 Laboratory for Environmental Biotechnology, ENAC-IIE-LBE, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland 2 DTU Environment, Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark A well-established bacterial consortium that dechlorinates tetrachloroethene (PCE) to tri- (TCE) and cis-dichloroethene (cis-DCE) in a stepwise manner has been shown to harbor two distinct populations of Sulfurospirillum spp. [1]. A genotyping method has been developed to distinguish both populations on the basis of small differences in the sequence of their respective reductive dehalogenase gene (pceA) [2]. Individual subcultures of the two Sulfurospirillum populations revealed that one of them (strain SL2-1) has a reduced dechlorination potential (PCE to TCE), while the other (SL2-2) is able to dechlorinate PCE to cis-DCE. Recent work on both the individual subcultures and the two in competition allowed investigation of the reasons for the interplay and long-term stability of both Sulfurospirillum spp. in the consortium. The kinetic parameters of PCE dechlorination were assessed for both strains by varying the PCE concentration and following growth based on chloride release and increase of the pceA gene copy number. Modelling of the data obtained revealed clear differences in affinity for PCE and maximal dechlorination rate of both strains. Moreover, inhibitory effects were observed for both populations at high PCE concentration, though it is unclear whether PCE or the dechlorination products (TCE and cis-DCE, respectively) are responsible for this. The succession of both populations in PCE and TCE dechlorination was confirmed by competition experiments at low and high PCE concentrations. We think that the obtained strain-specific kinetic parameters reflect the activity of the respective PceA enzyme, both in terms of dechlorination rate and extent. References [1] Maillard et al. (2011), Biodegradation 22:949 [2] Buttet et al. (2013), Appl Environ Microbiol 79:6941

Presented at:
DehaloCon II - A Conference on Anaerobic Biological Dehalogenation, Leipzig, Germany, March 26-29, 2017

 Record created 2017-04-06, last modified 2018-03-17

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