Journal article

Thermodynamic bounds on the ultra- and infra-affinity of Hsp70 for its substrates

The 70 kDa Heat Shock Proteins Hsp70 have several essential functions in living systems, such as protecting proteins against protein aggregation, assisting protein folding, remodeling protein complexes and driving the translocation into organelles. These functions require high affinity for non-specific amino-acid sequences that are ubiquitous in proteins. It has been recently shown that this high affinity, called ultra-affinity, depends on a process driven out of equilibrium by ATP hydrolysis. Here we establish the thermodynamic bounds for ultra-affinity, and further show that the same reaction scheme can in principle be used both to strengthen and to weaken affinities (leading in this case to infra-affinity). Finally, biological implications are discussed.

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