Journal article

STEP-NC compliant process planning of additive manufacturing: remanufacturing

Additive manufacturing is becoming one of the key methods for reproducing repair sections in remanufacturing processes. The major advantage of using additive processes is to minimize production time and waste. However, the surface quality and shape accuracy are usually insufficient for the final product because the approximated representation format causes the accumulation of the error during the geometric operations of the process planning. This limitation is a barrier to utilize additive processes as finishing processes, such as general metal cutting. There is need to improve the final quality of parts obtained with additive manufacturing. In this paper, STEP-based numerical control (STEP-NC)-based process planning is applied to the additive manufacturing. ISO 14649 (STEP-NC) describes part programs with geometric data directly and also contains the information necessary for the intelligent process planning. This paper proposes the STEP-NC-based representation method of additive manufacturing and the series of geometric reasoning to automate the derivation of the repair section. The proposed representation has the benefits to provide a high accuracy for the final surface and to describe multiple materials. Topological data maintain low error during the series of process planning through the CAD-CAM-CNC chain. The proposed platform supports consideration of the process tolerance and comparison of the selected plan with alternative processes. In order to show the practical advantages, an analysis of the remanufacturing process is carried out. The case study of remanufacturing a pocket part is presented in order to validate the proposed process plan. The result of the case study shows the improvement in terms of automatic process planning and surface quality accuracy.


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