000226727 001__ 226727
000226727 005__ 20180318102504.0
000226727 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00072
000226727 022__ $$a1664-1078
000226727 02470 $$2ISI$$a000392984300001
000226727 037__ $$aARTICLE
000226727 245__ $$aInterplay between Narrative and Bodily Self in Access to Consciousness: No Difference between Self- and Non-self Attributes
000226727 260__ $$aLausanne$$bFrontiers Research Foundation$$c2017
000226727 269__ $$a2017
000226727 300__ $$a10
000226727 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000226727 520__ $$aThe construct of the self is conceived as being fundamental in promoting survival. As such, extensive studies have documented preferential processing of self-relevant stimuli. For example, attributes that relate to the self are better encoded and retrieved, and are more readily consciously perceived. The preferential processing of self-relevant information, however, appears to be especially true for physical (e.g., faces), as opposed to psychological (e.g., traits), conceptions of the self. Here, we test whether semantic attributes that participants judge as self-relevant are further processed unconsciously than attributes that were not judged as self-relevant. In Experiment 1, a continuous flash suppression paradigm was employed with self and non-self attribute words being presented subliminally, and we asked participants to categorize unseen words as either self-related or not. In a second experiment, we attempted to boost putative preferential self-processing by relation to its physical conception, that is, ones own body. To this aim, we repeated Experiment 1 while administrating acoustic stimuli either close or far from the body, i.e., within or outside peripersonal space. Results of both Experiment 1 and 2 demonstrate no difference in breaking suppression for self and non-self words. Additionally, we found that while participants were able to process the physical location of the unseen words (above or below fixation) they were not able to categorize these as self-relevant or not. Finally, results showed that sounds presented in the extra-personal space elicited a more stringent response criterion for self in the process of categorizing unseen visual stimuli. This shift in criterion as a consequence of sound location was restricted to the self, as no such effect was observed in the categorization of attributes occurring above or below fixation. Overall, our findings seem to indicate that subliminally presented stimuli are not semantically processed, at least inasmuch as to be categorized as self-relevant or not. However, we do demonstrate that the distance at which acoustic stimuli are presented may alter the balance between self- and non-self biases.
000226727 6531_ $$aself
000226727 6531_ $$acriterion bias
000226727 6531_ $$aperipersonal space
000226727 6531_ $$amultisensory
000226727 6531_ $$aaudio
000226727 6531_ $$aconsciousness
000226727 700__ $$aNoel, Jean-Paul
000226727 700__ $$0240593$$aBlanke, Olaf$$g165806
000226727 700__ $$0246654$$aSerino, Andrea$$g229807
000226727 700__ $$0245162$$aSalomon, Roy$$g209116
000226727 773__ $$j8$$tFrontiers in Psychology
000226727 909CO $$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:226727$$pSV$$particle
000226727 909C0 $$0252517$$pCNP$$xU12599
000226727 909C0 $$0252325$$pLNCO$$xU11025
000226727 917Z8 $$x261654
000226727 937__ $$aEPFL-ARTICLE-226727
000226727 973__ $$aEPFL$$rREVIEWED$$sPUBLISHED
000226727 980__ $$aARTICLE