On the Evolution of Fingertip Grasping Manifolds

Efficient and accurate planning of fingertip grasps is essential for dexterous in-hand manipulation. In this work, we present a system for fingertip grasp planning that incrementally learns a heuristic for hand reachability and multi-fingered inverse kinematics. The system consists of an online execution module and an offline optimization module. During execution the system plans and executes fingertip grasps using Canny's grasp quality metric and a learned random forest based hand reachability heuristic. In the offline module, this heuristic is improved based on a grasping manifold that is incrementally learned from the experiences collected during execution. The system is evaluated both in simulation and on a Schunk-SDH dexterous hand mounted on a KUKA-KR5 arm. We show that, as the grasping manifold is adapted to the system's experiences, the heuristic becomes more accurate, which results in an improved performance of the execution module. The improvement is not only observed for experienced objects, but also for previously unknown objects of similar sizes.

Okamura, A
Menciassi, A
Yokoi, K
Martinet, P
Oh, P
Valdastri, P
Krovi, V
Ude, A
Burschka, D
Lee, D
Arrichiello, F
Liu, H
Moon, H
Neira, J
Sycara, K
Published in:
2016 Ieee International Conference On Robotics And Automation (Icra), 2022-2029
Presented at:
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Royal Inst Technol, Ctr Autonomous Syst, Stockholm, SWEDEN, MAY 16-21, 2016
New York, Ieee

 Record created 2017-01-24, last modified 2018-09-13

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