Journal article

Jaw Immobilization for Gamma Knife Surgery in Patients with Mandibular Lesions: A Newly, Innovative Approach

Background: The purpose of our report is to describe an innovative system used for mandibular immobilization during Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) procedures. It is based on an approach originally developed in Marseille in extracranial lesions, close to or involving the mandible, which may imply a certain degree of movement during the therapeutic image acquisitions and/or GKS treatment. Methods: The maxillofacial surgeon applied bone titanium self-tapping monocortical screws (4; 2 mm diameter, 10 mm length) between roots of the teeth in the fixed gingiva (upper and lower maxillae) the day before GKS (local anesthesia, 5-10 min time). Two rubber bands were sufficient for the desired tension required to undergo GKS. We further proceeded with application of the Leksell stereotactic G frame and carried out the usual GKS procedure. Results: The mean follow-up period was 2.3 years (range 0.6-3). Three patients have been treated with this approach: 2 cases with extracranial trigeminal schwannomas involving the mandibular branch, with decrease in tumor size on MR follow-up; 1 case with residual paracondylian mandibular arteriovenous malformation following partial embolization, completely obliterated at 7 months (digital subtraction angiography programmed 1 year after treatment). Conclusions: Jaw immobilization appears to be a quick, minimally invasive, safe and accurate adjunctive technique to enhance GKS targeting precision. (C) 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel


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