000224505 001__ 224505
000224505 005__ 20180317092838.0
000224505 037__ $$aPOST_TALK
000224505 245__ $$aDetailed modeling of the dynamic behavior of petroleum in the sea during the Deepwater Horizon accident
000224505 260__ $$c2016
000224505 269__ $$a2016
000224505 336__ $$aTalks
000224505 520__ $$aField observations indicate that during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon accident, approximately one quarter of the released petroleum mass became entrapped below the sea surface, but the sequestration mechanisms remain unexplained. A multiphase buoyant plume model is presented that explains field observations in both the sea and atmosphere. The model predicts the independent behavior of hundreds of petroleum compounds and predicts the effect of the changing composition of droplets and bubbles, pressure, and temperature on their properties. It is predicted that emitted gas bubbles experienced a transition to a liquid state due to the preferential dissolution of their lightest components. Subsea dispersant injection, release depth and orifice size, and petroleum composition and flux were the primary factors that led to a predicted 27% of petroleum fluids becoming dissolved into the sea. Without dispersant injection at the pared wellhead (~1500 m depth), we predict that volatile hydrocarbon emissions to the atmosphere would have increased by 40%, increasing exposures of response workers and decreasing exposures of deep-sea biota. The results have implications for environmental impact, human risk, and response strategies during offshore drilling accidents.
000224505 700__ $$0245327$$aGros, Jonas$$g170795
000224505 700__ $$aSocolofsky, S.A.
000224505 700__ $$aDissanayake, A.L.
000224505 700__ $$aJun, I.
000224505 700__ $$aZhao, L.
000224505 700__ $$aBoufadel, M.C.
000224505 700__ $$aReddy, C.M.
000224505 700__ $$0240042$$aArey, Jeremy Samuel$$g169370
000224505 7112_ $$a2nd Symposium on Deep-Sea Oil Spills$$cHamburg, Germany$$dSeptember 19-20, 2016
000224505 909CO $$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:224505$$ppresentation
000224505 909C0 $$0252024$$pLMCE$$xU11955
000224505 917Z8 $$x104459
000224505 917Z8 $$x104459
000224505 937__ $$aEPFL-TALK-224505
000224505 973__ $$aEPFL
000224505 980__ $$aTALK