Conference paper

Experimental generation of tsunami-like waves

In the context of a comprehensive research project investigating the hydrodynamic loading on structures with openings, this paper focuses on the wave generation techniques currently used and the test results associated with it, proposing a particular tsunami-like wave using a vertical water volume release mechanism. The latter allowed a certain volume of water to flow gravitationally from an upper reservoir into a lower basin through a set of pipes. The propagation of the resulting wave took place in a horizontal channel where wave height and velocities were measured. Both dry bed surges and wet bed bores were investigated, however the present paper mostly focuses on dry bed surges. The study indicated that the surges generated with this mechanism had similar behavior to those resulting from a Dam-Break technique and a good agreement between the experimental points and the theoretical solutions of Ritter (1892) and Whitham (1955) was found. Lastly some differences between wet bed bores and dry bed surges are presented and briefly discussed herein.

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