Journal article

Effect of State Feedback Coupling and System Delays on the Transient Performance of Stand-Alone VSI With LC Output Filter

The influence of state feedback coupling in the dynamics performance of power converters for stand-alone microgrids is investigated. Computation and pulsewidth-modulated (PWM) delays are the main factors that limit the achievable bandwidth of current regulators in digital implementations. In particular, the performance of state feedback decoupling is degraded because of these delays. Two decoupling techniques to improve the transient response of the system are investigated, named nonideal and ideal capacitor voltage decoupling, respectively. In particular, the latter solution consists in leading the capacitor voltage on the state feedback decoupling path in order to compensate for system delays. Practical implementation issues are discussed with reference to both the decoupling techniques. A design methodology for the voltage loop that considers the closed-loop transfer functions developed for the inner loop is also provided. A proportional resonant voltage controller is designed according to Nyquist criterion taking into account application requirements. For this purpose, a mathematical expression based on root locus analysis is proposed to find the minimum value of the fundamental resonant gain. Experimental tests performed in accordance to UPS standards verify the theoretical analysis.


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