Infoscience

Journal article

Sampling and Exact Reconstruction of Pulses with Variable Width

Recent sampling results enable the reconstruction of signals composed of streams of fixed-shaped pulses. These results have found applications in topics as varied as channel estimation, biomedical imaging and radio astronomy. However, in many real signals, the pulse shapes vary throughout the signal. In this paper, we show how to sample and perfectly reconstruct Lorentzian pulses with variable width. Since a stream of Lorentzian pulses has a finite number of degrees of freedom per unit time, it belongs to the class of signals with finite rate of innovation (FRI). In the noiseless case, perfect recovery is guaranteed by a set of theorems. In addition, we verify that our algorithm is robust to model-mismatch and noise. This allows us to apply the technique to two practical applications: electrocardiogram (ECG) compression and bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) sampling. ECG signals are one dimensional, but the BRDF is a higher dimensional signal, which is more naturally expressed in a spherical coordinate system; this motivated us to extend the theory to the 2D and spherical cases. Experiments on real data demonstrate the viability of the proposed model for ECG acquisition and compression, as well as the efficient representation and low-rate sampling of specular BRDFs.

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