Influence of icosahedral short range order on diffusion in liquids: A study on Al-Zn-Cr alloys
It has been shown recently that minute additions of Cr in Al-Zn alloys refine the solidified grain structure and induce multiply-twinned grains which can only be explained if the icosahedral symmetry is considered (Kurtuldu et al., 2013). It has been suggested that Cr addition to Al-Zn alloys promotes the formation of icosahedral short-range order (ISRO) in the liquid, leading to the formation of icosahedral quasicrystals (iQC) acting then as a template for the nucleation of the fcc Al-phase. If ISRO exists in liquid Al-Zn-Cr alloys, this should influence diffusion of solute elements in the liquid. The present study focuses on the effect of Cr addition on Zn diffusion in liquid Al-Zn-Cr alloys. The solute diffusion coefficients of Zn and Cr in the liquid were deduced from the solute profiles in the quenched liquid ahead of a planar solid liquid interface. By comparison with the same measurement in Al-Zn alloys, it is shown that Cr indeed slows down the diffusion (and mobility) of Zn atoms, an effect which reinforces the hypothesis of ISRO in Al-Zn liquid induced by Cr. (C) 2016 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.