Journal article

Seismic Simultaneous Source Separation via Patchwise Sparse Representation

The concept of simultaneous source has recently become of interest in seismic exploration, due to its efficient or economic acquisition or both. The blended data overlapped between shot records are acquired in simultaneous source acquisition. Separating the blended data and recovering the single-shot seismic signals (the recovery) are of great importance in the scenario of current workflows, which can be called seismic simultaneous source separation. In the context of general random time-dithering firing, we propose an alternative method to separate the blended data by combining patchwise dictionary learning with sparse inversion, in which the dictionary is directly learned from the measured blended data. Apart from the sparse coding used for the coefficients, an additional regularization term on the dictionary is particularly designed to remove the severe interference noise. The efficient and flexible alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is used to update the dictionary in the used alternating optimization scheme. The results obtained from the synthetic and real examples reasonably suggest that the separated seismic signals by using dictionary learning are more accurate and robust compared with that using the fixed transform basis, such as the local discrete cosine transform. The learned dictionary tailors for the recovery and is similar to the local seismic waveform, which improves the sparsity of the recovery substantially and is highly advantageous for producing the promised results.


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