Design of a Fixed-Order Robust Controller Using Loop Shaping Method for Damping Inter-Area Oscillations in Power Systems
The inter-area oscillations are common in power system and can occur due to the changes in the load or generation power especially in long transmission lines. This paper presents the design of a robust fixed-order loop shaping controller to damp out the inter-area oscillations and to enhance the stability of the power system. The proposed loop shaping method is based on the shaping of the open-loop transfer function in the Nyquist diagram through minimizing the quadratic error between the actual and the desired open loop transfer functions in the frequency domain. The proposed method is robust with respect to multi-model uncertainty. Despite other robust controller design methods, the proposed approach deals with the entire system i.e. there is no need to reduce the system and still leads to a lower order controller. The proposed method is applied on the two area four machine system under different load conditions and different wind generations. The effectiveness and robustness of the proposed method in damping inter-area oscillations are validated using case studies.