Liquid-Crystalline Dendrimers Designed by Click Chemistry
Liquid-crystalline dendrimers have been prepared from second-generation Percec-type poly(benzyl ether) dendrons or second-generation poly(aryl ester) dendrons carrying cyanobiphenyl mesogens. The Janus dendrimer, which combines the two types of dendromesogens, has also been synthesized. Those compounds have been prepared under copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition conditions. The mesomorphic properties have been studied by thermal analysis (POM, DSC) and small-angle X-ray scattering. Smectic A, nematic, and columnar phases have been observed depending on the dendritic building blocks. The click reaction has proven to be a powerful and elegant synthetic tool for the design of complex dendritic liquid-crystalline architectures.