Thermo-Economic Modelling and Process Integration of CO2-Mitigation Options on Oil and Gas Platforms
The offshore extraction of oil and gas is an energy-intensive process associated with large CO2 and CH4 emissions to the atmosphere and chemicals to the sea. The taxation of these emissions has encouraged the development of more energy-efficient and environmental-friendly solutions, of which three are assessed in this paper. The integration of steam bottoming cycles on the gas turbines or of low-temperature power cycles on the export gas compression can result either in an additional power output, or in a greater export of natural gas. Another possibility is to implement a CO2-capture unit, which allows recovering CO2 that can be used for enhanced oil recovery. In this paper, a North Sea platform is considered as case study, and the site-scale retrofit integration of these three options is analysed, considering thermodynamic, economic and environmental performance indicators. The results illustrate the benefits of valorising the waste heat recovered from the exhaust gases, as the total CO2-emissions can be reduced by more than 15 %. Exploiting low-temperature heat seems feasible, although more challenging in retrofit situations. Integrating CO2-capture appears promising with a CO2-avoidance cost between 23 and 29 /tCO2 for the chosen economic assumptions.
Keywords: Engineering controlled terms ; Energy efficiency ; Enhanced recovery ; Environmental management ; Exhaust gases ; Gas emissions ; Gas turbines ; Oil shale ; Retrofitting ; Taxation ; Temperature ; Waste heat Economic and environmental performance ; Enhanced oil recovery ; Environmental-friendly ; Mitigation options ; Oil and gas platforms ; Process integration ; Retrofit integration ; Thermo-economic modelling Engineering main heading ; Carbon dioxide
Record created on 2016-07-26, modified on 2016-08-18