000218005 001__ 218005
000218005 005__ 20190829172531.0
000218005 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2016.03.013
000218005 022__ $$a0304-3800
000218005 02470 $$2ISI$$a000375824500004
000218005 037__ $$aARTICLE
000218005 245__ $$aLandscape-scale simulation experiments test Romanian and Swiss management guidelines for mountain pasture-woodland habitat diversity
000218005 260__ $$bElsevier$$c2016$$aAmsterdam
000218005 269__ $$a2016
000218005 300__ $$a9
000218005 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000218005 520__ $$aDistinct guidelines have been proposed in Romania and Switzerland for the management of pasture woodlands that either focused on the regulation of grazing pressure (Romanian production perspective) or overall tree cover (Swiss conservation perspective). However, the landscape structural diversity and the cover of forest-grassland ecotones, which are both crucial for nature conservation value, were not explicitly considered. We aimed to compare the country-specific management guidelines regarding their efficiency for the conservation of the structurally diverse forest-grassland mosaics in the light of recent land-use and climate change. In strategic simulation experiments using the process-based model of pasture-woodland ecosystems WoodPaM, we analyzed the relationships among drivers for the formation of mosaic patterns (grazing intensity, climate change) and the resulting landscape properties (tree cover, forest-grassland ecotones, mosaic structure) during the past until today (2000 AD). The results showed that tree canopy densification following recent climate warming is likely to trigger landscape structural shifts. Medium grazing pressure promoted the development of the full range of pasture-woodland habitats and is therefore confirmed as a management strategy that balances agronomic demands and nature conservation value. Tree cover is rejected as a criteria to monitor pasture-woodland conservation status, because its relationship to landscape structural diversity and to the cover of forest grassland ecotones did not hold for changing climate. Our results suggest "experimental-retrospective" analysis as a useful tool to test conclusions from expert knowledge. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
000218005 6531_ $$aForest-grassland mosaic
000218005 6531_ $$aForest-grassland ecotone
000218005 6531_ $$aLow-intensity grazing
000218005 6531_ $$aClimate change adapted management
000218005 6531_ $$aSouthern Carpathians
000218005 6531_ $$aJura Mountains
000218005 700__ $$0245335$$g212940$$aPeringer, Alexander
000218005 700__ $$0240673$$g152486$$aGillet, François
000218005 700__ $$aRosenthal, Gert
000218005 700__ $$aStoicescu, Ioana
000218005 700__ $$aPătru-Stupariu, Ileana
000218005 700__ $$aStupariu, Mihai-Sorin
000218005 700__ $$0241312$$g133834$$aButtler, Alexandre
000218005 773__ $$j330$$tEcological Modelling$$q41-49
000218005 909C0 $$xU11021$$pECOS$$0252129
000218005 909CO $$qENAC$$particle$$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:218005
000218005 917Z8 $$x152486
000218005 937__ $$aEPFL-ARTICLE-218005
000218005 973__ $$rREVIEWED$$sPUBLISHED$$aEPFL
000218005 980__ $$aARTICLE