Journal article

Regioselective Nitration and/or Halogenation of Iridabenzofurans through Electrophilic Substitution

Regioselective electrophilic substitution reactions of the iridabenzofurans [Ir(C7H5O{OMe-7})(CO)(PPh3)(2)]-[OTf] (1) and IrCl(C7H5O{OMe-7})(PPh3)(2) (2) provide a convenient route to mononitro-, dinitro-, and mixed nitro-/halo- substituted derivatives. Treatment of cationic 1 with copper(II) nitrate in acetic anhydride ("Menke" nitration conditions) gives the mononitrated iridabenzofuran [Ir(C7H4O{NO2-2}{OMe-7})(CO)(PPh3)(2)][O3SCF3] (3). Under the same conditions neutral 2 undergoes dinitration to form IrCl(C7H3O{NO2-2}{NO2-6}{OMe-7}) (PPh3)(2) (5). Simple substitution of the carbonyl ligand in 3 with chloride gives the neutral mononitro derivative IrCl(C7H4O{NO2-2}{OMe-7})(PPh3)(2) (4). Depending on the conditions employed, treatment of the iridabenzofurans 1 and 2 with Cu(NO3)(2) and either lithium chloride or lithium bromide in acetic anhydride gives either the mixed nitro-/halo-substituted iridabenzofurans IrCl(C7H3O{NO2-2}{Cl-6}(OMe-7})(PPh3)(2) (6) and IrCl(C7H2O{NO2-2}{NO2-4}{Cl-6}{OMe-7})(PPh3)(2) (7) or the simple halo-substituted iridabenzofurans [Ir(C7H4O-{Cl-6}{OMe-7}) (CO) (PPh3)(2)] [OTf] (8), [Ir(C7H4O{Br-6}1 OMe-7}) (CO) (PPh3)(2)] [OTf] (9), and IrBr(C7H3O{Br-2}{Br-6}{OMe-7})(PPh3)(2) (10). Bromination of 4 with pyridinium tribromide gives IrCl(C7H3O{NO2-2}{Br-6}{OMe-7})(PPh3)2 (11). The molecular structures of 3-7 and 11 have been obtained by X-ray crystallography.


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