Analysis of the part load helical vortex rope of a Francis turbine using on-board sensors
The cavitation helical vortex rope arising at Francis turbine partial load induces pressure fluctuations at the rope precession frequency, which can be decomposed into two components; the convective one and the synchronous one. The latter acts as an excitation source for the hydraulic system and is amplified in case of resonance. The present paper aims to highlight the impact of both components on the mechanical behaviour of the runner by performing on-board measurements. It is shown that the use of on-board pressure sensors enables to naturally separate the components of the pressure fluctuations. In addition, the synchronous component has little impact on the mechanical behaviour of the runner, even for the case in which hydro-acoustic resonance occurs.