Journal article

Cryptanalysis of chosen symmetric homomorphic schemes

Since Gentry’s breakthrough result was introduced in the year 2009, the homomorphic encryption has become a very popular topic. The main contribution of Gentry’s thesis was, that it has proven, that it actually is possible to design a fully homomorphic encryption scheme. However ground-breaking Gentry’s result was, the designs, that employ the bootstrapping technique suffer from terrible performance both in key generation and homomorphic evaluation of circuits. Some authors tried to design schemes, that could evaluate homomorphic circuits of arbitrarily many inputs without need of bootstrapping. This paper introduces the notion of symmetric homomorphic encryption, and analyses the security of four such proposals, published in three different papers. Our result is a known plaintext key-recovery attack on every one of these schemes.


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