Three-dimensional momentum-resolved electronic structure of 1T-TiSe2: A combined soft-x-ray photoemission and density functional theory study
1T-TiSe2 is a quasi-two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide, which exhibits a charge density wave transition at a critical temperature of similar to 200 K as well as low-temperature superconductivity induced by pressure or intercalation. The electronic energy dispersion measured by soft x-ray angle-resolved photoemission is not only momentum resolved parallel to the surface but also perpendicular to it. Experiments are compared to density functional theory based band structure calculations using different exchange-correlation functionals. The results reveal the importance of including spin-orbit coupling for a good description of the experimental bands. Compared to calculations within the local density approximation, the use of the modified Becke-Johnson (mBJ) exchange functional leads to a band structure that does not need an artificial downwards shift of the valence band to fit the experiment. The mBJ functional thus clearly appears as the most adapted functional for the theoretical description of the 1T-TiSe2 band structure within the DFT framework.