Polynomiality of Hurwitz numbers, Bouchard-Marino conjecture, and a new proof of the ELSV formula
In this paper we give a new proof of the ELSV formula. First, we refine an argument of Okounkov and Pandharipande in order to prove (quasi-)polynomiality of Hurwitz numbers without using the ELSV formula (the only way to do that before used the ELSV formula). Then, using this polynomiality we give a new proof of the Bouchard-Marino conjecture. After that, using the correspondence between the Givental group action and the topological recursion coming from matrix models, we prove the equivalence of the Bouchard-Marino conjecture and the ELSV formula (it is a refinement of an argument by Eynard). (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.