A new class of non-empirical explicit density functionals on the third rung of Jacob’s ladder
We construct an orbital-free non-empirical meta-generalized gradient approximation (GGA) functional, which depends explicitly on density through the density overlap regions indicator [P. de Silva and C. Corminboeuf, J. Chem. Theory Comput. 10, 3745 (2014)]. The functional does not depend on either the kinetic energy density or the density Laplacian; therefore, it opens a new class of meta-GGA functionals. By construction, our meta-GGA yields exact exchange and correlation energy for the hydrogen atom and recovers the second order gradient expansion for exchange in the slowly varying limit. We show that for molecular systems, overall performance is better than non empirical GGAs. For atomization energies, performance is on par with revTPSS, without any dependence on Kohn-Sham orbitals.