Generation of 1.5-octave intense infrared pulses by nonlinear interactions in DAST crystal
Infrared pulses with large spectral width extending from 1.2 to 3.4 μm are generated in the organic crystal DAST (4-N, N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methylstilbazolium tosylate). The input pulse has a central wavelength of 1.5 μm and 65 fs duration. With 2.8 mJ input energy we obtained up to 700 μJ in the broadened spectrum. The output can be easily scaled up in energy by increasing the crystal size together with the energy and the beam size of the pump. The ultrabroad spectrum is ascribed to cascaded second order processes mediated by the exceptionally large effective χ2 nonlinearity of DAST, but the shape of the spectrum indicates that a delayed χ3 process may also be involved. Numerical simulations reproduce the experimental results qualitatively and provide an insight in the mechanisms underlying the asymmetric spectral broadening.