Sparse Hidden Markov Models for Exemplar-based Speech Recognition Using Deep Neural Network Posterior Features

Statistical speech recognition has been cast as a natural realization of the compressive sensing and sparse recovery. The compressed acoustic observations are sub-word posterior probabilities obtained from a deep neural network (DNN). Dictionary learning and sparse recovery are exploited for inference of the high-dimensional sparse word posterior probabilities. This formulation amounts to realization of a \textit{sparse} hidden Markov model where each state is characterized by a dictionary learned from training exemplars and the emission probabilities are obtained from sparse representations of test exemplars. This new dictionary-based speech processing paradigm alleviates the need for a huge collection of exemplars as required in the conventional exemplar-based methods. We study the performance of the proposed approach for continuous speech recognition using Phonebook and Numbers'95 database.

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