High-sensitive superconducting magnetometry on a two-dimensional electron gas up to 10 Tesla
We report on new magnetization studies on a two-dimensional electron system (2DES) revealing spin splitting of the Landau levels. For this, we have built a high-sensitive susceptometer consisting of a low-noise thin-film dc superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) with a multiturn input coil and a wire-wound first-order gradiometer. The system noise level is only 40×10 −6 Φ 0 /√ (Hz) down to a frequency of a few Hz in unshielded environment. In background fields up to 10 T, the system exhibits significant low-frequency noise. At frequencies above 1 kHz, however, the SQUID sensitivity is barely affected and we have reached a value of about 10 −14 J/T at 1 T and better than 10 −13 J/T at 10 T. With this, we have studied the de Haas–van Alphen effect for a tunable 2DES starting from zero carrier density.
Record created on 2015-07-08, modified on 2016-08-09