Role of the Triiodide/Iodide Redox Couple in Dye Regeneration in p-Type Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
A series of perylene dyes with different optical and electronic properties have been used as photosensitizers in NiO-based p-type dye-sensitized solar cells. A key target is to develop dyes that absorb light in the red to near-IR region of the solar spectrum in order to match photoanodes optically in tandem devices; however, the photocurrent produced was found to decrease dramatically as the absorption maxima of the dye used was varied from 517 to 565 nm and varied strongly with the electrolyte solvent (acetonitrile, propionitrile, or propylene carbonate). To det. the limitations of the energy properties of the dye mols. and to provide guidelines for future sensitizer design, we have detd. the redox potentials of the diiodide radical intermediate involved in the charge-transfer reactions in different solvents using photomodulated voltammetry E°(I3-/I2·-)(V vs. Fe(Cp)2+/0) = -0.64 for propylene carbonate, -0.82 for acetonitrile, and -0.87 for propionitrile. Inefficient regeneration of the sensitizer appears to be the efficiency-limiting step in the device, and the values presented here will be used to design more efficient dyes, with more cathodic redn. potentials, for photocathodes in tandem dye-sensitized solar cells.
Record created on 2015-07-06, modified on 2016-09-29