Journal article

Nanostructured ZnO electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cell applications

Dye-sensitized photoelectrochem. solar cells constitute a promising candidate in the search for cost-effective and environment-friendly solar cells. The most extensively studied, and to date the most efficient systems are based on titanium dioxide. In this paper, the possibilities to use nanostructured ZnO electrodes in photoelectrochem. solar cells are investigated. Various exptl. techniques (e.g. IR, photoelectron, femtosecond and nanosecond laser spectroscopies, laser flash induced photocurrent transient measurements, two- and three-electrode photoelectrochem. measurements) show that the thermodn., kinetics and charge transport properties are comparable for ZnO and TiO2. The prepn. techniques of ZnO provide more possibilities of varying the particle size and shape compared to TiO2. However, the dye-sensitization process is more complex in case of ZnO and care needs to be taken to achieve an optimal performance of the solar cell.


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