Journal article

Restoring the Co Magnetic Moments at Interfacial Co-Porphyrin Arrays by Site-Selective Uptake of Iron

Magnetochemistry recently emerged as a promising approach to control addressable spin arrays on surfaces. Here we report on the binding, spatial ordering, and magnetic properties of Fe on a highly regular Co-tetraphenylporphyrin (Co-TPP) template and highlight how the Fe controls the magnetism of the Co centers. As evidenced by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) single Fe atoms attach to the saddle-shape conformers site-selectively in a unique coordination environment offered through a heptamer defined by the Co-N-C-C-C-N cyclic subunit. While the magnetic moment of Co is quenched for bare Co-TPP/Ag(111), the Fe presence revives it. Our X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments, complemented by density functional theory (DFT) calculations, evidence a ferromagnetic coupling between the Fe and the Co center concomitant with a complex charge redistribution involving the porphyrin ligand. Thus, we demonstrate an unusual metalloporphyrin coordination geometry that opens pathways to spatially order and engineer magnetic moments in surface-based nanostructures.

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