Journal article

Screening effects in superconductors

The partition function of the Hubbard model with local attraction and long-range Coulomb repulsion between electrons is written as a functional integral with an action A involving a pairing field Δ and a local potential V. After integration over V and over fluctuations in ∥δ∥2, the final form of A involves a Josephson coupling between the local phases of δ and a “kinetic energy” term, representing the screened Coulomb interaction between charge fluctuations. The competition between Josephson coupling and charging energy allows to understand the relation between Tc and composition in high-TC materials, in particular superlattices, alloys and bulk systems of low doping.

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