Turing pattern formation driven by cross diffusion for a superdiffusive Lotka-Volterra competitive model

We focus our attention on the effects of introducing the fractional-in-space operator into a Lotka-Volterra competitive model describing population superdiffusion. First, we are interested in how cross superdiffusion influences the formation of spatial patterns: a linear stability analysis has been carried out, showing that cross superdiffusion triggers Turing instabilities, whereas classical self superdiffusion cannot generate Turing instability. In addition we have performed a weakly nonlinear analysis yielding a system of amplitude equations, whose study shows the stability of Turing steady states. A second goal of this contribution is to propose a fully adaptive multiresolution finite volume (MRFV) method that employs shifted Grünwald gradient approximations, and which is tailored for a larger class of systems involving fractional diffusion operators, and aimed at efficient dynamic mesh adaptation and substantial savings in computational burden. A numerical simulation of the model was performed near the instability boundaries, confirming the behavior predicted by our analysis.


 Record created 2015-03-26, last modified 2019-01-17

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