Experimental investigation on fatigue of concrete cantilever bridge deck slabs subjected to concentrated loads
Shear has been observed to be often the governing failure mode of RC cantilever deck slabs of bridges without shear reinforcement subjected to concentrated loads when tested under a quasi-static application of the load. However, concentrated loads of heavy vehicles have a repetitive nature, causing loss of stiffness and potential strength reductions due to fatigue phenomena. In this paper, the fatigue behavior of cantilever bridge deck slabs is investigated. A specific experimental programme consisting on eleven tests under concentrated fatigue loads and four static tests (reference specimens) is presented. The results show that cantilever bridge deck slabs are significantly less sensitive to shear-fatigue failures than beams without shear reinforcement. Some slabs failed due to rebar fractures. They presented significant remaining life after first rebar failure occurred and eventually failed due to shear. The test results are finally compared to the shear-fatigue provisions of the fib-Model Code 2010 and the Critical Shear Crack Theory to discuss their suitability.
Keywords: acier ; action cyclique ; action variable ; armature ; béton armé ; charge de trafic ; code modèle CEB/fip ; cycle ; dalle ; effort tranchant ; essai ; fatigue ; fissuration ; pont ; résistance à l'effort tranchant ; théorie de la fissure critique ; steel ; cyclic action ; variable action ; reinforcement ; reinforced concrete ; traffic load ; CEB/FIP model code ; cycle ; slab ; shear force ; test ; fatigue ; crack growth ; bridge ; shear strength ; critical crack theory
Record created on 2015-03-02, modified on 2016-08-09