000204926 001__ 204926
000204926 005__ 20190604054628.0
000204926 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2014.12.013
000204926 022__ $$a0955-2219
000204926 02470 $$2ISI$$a000350191900001
000204926 037__ $$aARTICLE
000204926 245__ $$aTransferring lead-free piezoelectric ceramics into application
000204926 260__ $$bElsevier$$c2015$$aOxford
000204926 269__ $$a2015
000204926 300__ $$a23
000204926 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000204926 520__ $$aAfter twenty years of partly quiet and ten years of partly enthusiastic research into lead-free piezoceramics there are now clear prospects for transfer into applications in some areas. This mimics prior research into eliminating lead from other technologies that resulted in restricted lead use in batteries and dwindling use in other applications. A figure of merit analysis for key devices is presented and used to contrast lead-containing and lead-free piezoceramics. A number of existing applications emerge, where the usage of lead-free piezoceramics may be envisaged in the near future. A sufficient transition period to ensure reliability, however, is required. The use of lead-free piezoceramics for demanding applications with high reliability, displacements and frequency as well as a wide temperature range appears to remain in the distant future. New devices are outlined, where the figure of merit suggests skipping lead-containing piezoceramics altogether. Suggestions for the next pertinent research requirements are provided. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
000204926 6531_ $$aLead-free ferroelectrics
000204926 6531_ $$aPiezoelectrics
000204926 6531_ $$aPiezoelectric transducer
000204926 6531_ $$aPiezoelectric actuator
000204926 6531_ $$aFerroelectricity
000204926 700__ $$aRödel, Jürgen
000204926 700__ $$aWebber, Kyle G.
000204926 700__ $$aDittmer, Robert
000204926 700__ $$aJo, Wook
000204926 700__ $$aKimura, Masahiko
000204926 700__ $$g104860$$aDamjanovic, Dragan$$0240215
000204926 773__ $$j35$$tJournal of the European Ceramic Society$$k6$$q1659-1681
000204926 909C0 $$xU10334$$0252012$$pLC
000204926 909CO $$pSTI$$particle$$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:204926
000204926 917Z8 $$x104860
000204926 917Z8 $$x104860
000204926 917Z8 $$x104860
000204926 937__ $$aEPFL-ARTICLE-204926
000204926 973__ $$rREVIEWED$$sPUBLISHED$$aEPFL
000204926 980__ $$aARTICLE