Numerical model of Total Knee Replacement replicating chair rising
Although the procedure of total knee replacement (TKR) has been improved for the last decades, patients may still face postoperative complications. Specially, causes of complications related to patellar resurfacing, such as osteonecrosis, patellar bone fracture, anterior knee pain and implant failure, are still unclear. Predicting strain state of the patellar bone after TKR by means of numerical modeling may help in understanding and possibly preventing such complications. First TKR model has been already developed within LBO (built in Abaqus/Standard). The model replicates loaded squat movement (Oxford rig). As the model is planned to be applied to the real TKA patients and compared with their real kinematics, squat movement could be problematic to accomplish for these patients. Thus we want also ask them to perform chair rising movement. In the project we propose to extend existing model of squat to “chair rising” movement. First, the student should study existing in vivo studies of chair rising to estimate kinematics during the movement. And then to implement this movement in Abaqus. The aim is to estimate patellar bone strain during this movement.