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Multiscale modelling of dislocation/grain boundary interactions. II. Screw dislocations impinging on tilt boundaries in Al

The interaction of dislocations with grain boundaries (GBs) determines a number of important aspects of the mechanical performance of materials, including strengthening and fatigue resistance. Here, the coupled atomistic/discretedislocation ( CADD) multiscale method, which couples a discrete dislocation continuum region to a fully atomistic region, is used to study screw-dislocations interacting with Sigma 3, Sigma 11, and Sigma 9 symmetric tilt boundaries in Al. The low-energy Sigma 3 and Sigma 11 boundaries absorb lattice dislocations and generate extrinsic grain boundary dislocations (GBDs). As multiple screw dislocations impinge on the GB, the GBDs form a pile-up along the GB and provide a back stress that requires increasing applied load to push the lattice dislocations into the GB. Dislocation transmission is never observed, even with large GBD pile-ups near the dislocation/GB intersection. Results are compared with experiments and previous, related simulations. The Sigma 9 grain boundary, composed from a more complex set of structural units, absorbs screw dislocations that remain localized, with no GBD formation. With increasing applied stress, new screw dislocations are then nucleated into the opposite grain from structural units in the GB that are nearby but not at the location where the original dislocation intersected the boundary. The detailed behaviour depends on the precise location of the incident dislocations and the extent of the pile-up. Transmission can occur on both Schmid and non-Schmid planes and can depend on the shear stresses on the GB plane. A continuum yield locus for transmission is formulated. In general, the overall dissociation and/or transmission behaviour is also determined by the Burgers vectors and associated steps of the primitive vectors of the grain boundary, and the criteria for dislocation transmission formulated by Lee et al. [ Scripta Metall. 23 799 ( 1989); Phil. Mag. A 62 131 ( 1990); Metall. Trans. A 21 2437 ( 1990)] are extended to account for these factors.

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