Modelling of the bond behaviour of tuff elements externally bonded with FRP sheets
The performance of fibre reinforced plastic (FRP) materials used for external strengthening depends strongly on the bond behaviour at the FRP-substrate interface. In this paper, the results of an analytical model and of two Finite Element (FE) models (bi-and three-dimensional) for simulating bond behaviour in FRP-strengthened masonry elements using zero-thickness interface elements are presented. The primary parameters of bilinear and nonlinear bond-slip laws were determined from experimental results of single shear bond tests that the authors conducted on masonry blocks of yellow tuff bonded with FRP carbon and glass fabrics. Several parametric analyses were conducted to estimate the effect of the primary bond law parameters on the global behaviour of the specimens and to determine the effective bonded length for the investigated masonry support.