PPAR beta/delta activation of CD300a controls intestinal immunity

Macrophages are important for maintaining intestinal immune homeostasis. Here, we show that PPAR beta/delta (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta) directly regulates CD300a in macrophages that express the immunoreceptor tyrosine based-inhibitory motif (ITIM)-containing receptor. In mice lacking CD300a, high-fat diet (HFD) causes chronic intestinal inflammation with low numbers of intestinal lymph capillaries and dramatically expanded mesenteric lymph nodes. As a result, these mice exhibit triglyceride malabsorption and reduced body weight gain on HFD. Peritoneal macrophages from Cd300a(-/-) mice on HFD are classically M1 activated. Activation of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/MyD88 signaling by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) results in prolonged IL-6 secretion in Cd300a(-/-) macrophages. Bone marrow transplantation confirmed that the phenotype originates from CD300a deficiency in leucocytes. These results identify CD300a-mediated inhibitory signaling in macrophages as a critical regulator of intestinal immune homeostasis.


Published in:
Scientific Reports, 4, 5412
Year:
2014
Publisher:
London, Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:
2045-2322
Laboratories:




 Record created 2014-08-29, last modified 2018-03-17

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