In silico screening of carbon-capture materials

One of the main bottlenecks to deploying large-scale carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) in power plants is the energy required to separate the CO 2 from flue gas. For example, near-term CCS technology applied to coal-fired power plants is projected to reduce the net output of the plant by some 30% and to increase the cost of electricity by 60-80%. Developing capture materials and processes that reduce the parasitic energy imposed by CCS is therefore an important area of research. We have developed a computational approach to rank adsorbents for their performance in CCS. Using this analysis, we have screened hundreds of thousands of zeolite and zeolitic imidazolate framework structures and identified many different structures that have the potential to reduce the parasitic energy of CCS by 30-40% compared with near-term technologies. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.


Published in:
Nature Materials, 11, 7, 633-641
Year:
2012
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:
1476-1122
Note:
10.1038/nmat3336
Laboratories:




 Record created 2014-08-14, last modified 2018-09-13

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