Coupled Approach to Assess Caprock Deformation Caused by CO2 Injection
This study focuses on a specific problem related to the caprock deformation induced by the injection of CO2 at depth. The adopted methodology includes the development of a mathematical model that incorporates the deformable behaviour of storage media and the flow of two immiscible fluids (CO2 and water) within the aquifers while the surface rock or caprock layer is modelled as a thin plate. Governing equations are solved for the axisymmetric flexural deflection due to a constant rate of injection of CO2. The results show that this semi-analytical solution is capable of capturing the pressure build-up during the very early stage of injection, resulting in a high rate of surface uplift. The calculation time required using the semianalytical solution is very short; it can be employed as a preliminary design tool for risk assessment using parameters such as the injection rate, porosity, rock properties and geological structures. This semi-analytical solution provides a convenient way to estimate the influence of high injection rates of CO2 on the caprock deformation. The methodology in this development can easily incorporate other pressure distributions; thus advances in hydrology researches can also benefit this approach.
Record created on 2014-06-10, modified on 2016-08-09